In the middle of my landscape module it is becoming clear to me I have a fairly limited idea about what makes a good composition. I have to admit I turned to youtube for some ideas.
I came across a 23 minute video by artist Jill Poyard. ‘Developing an Eye for Landscape Composition’ which is aimed at students and is excellent at outlining some of the theories of composition while emphasising that most artists produce work which doesn’t follow these theories! I like the way the video looked at composition in relation to paintings to examine how artists composed their work.
I’d recommend watching the video but my notes are as follows.
Landscape differs from other forms of art in having to tackle:
- atmosphere: sky, air, and the way this affects how we view a scene especially at a distance
- weather: has a strong affect on the mood of a painting, sunlight, shadows, rain, mist.
- land forms and features.
The landscape can be broken into a series of planes with the lightest planes being horizontal and the darkest being vertical.
Determine a focal point and look for lines that lead the eye around.
- Don’t split your painting in half
- Don’t place your focal point at the centre
- Do use an odd number of elements
- Do vary sizes and space between elements
Rule of Thirds
This is a popular design format similar to the golden ratio. Divide your composition into thirds vertically and horizontally. Place focal points on some of the intersections between the lines. Place your horizon on one of the lines.
A very low horizon line has interest
The L shape is a classic
The S shape leads your eye into a picture – for example a river or road.
A strong diagonal
A large central object – either lighter or darker than the surrounding area
Triangulation – either the whole composition or elements of the composition.
I have subsequently spent a lot of time with a camera taking pictures and attempting to get my compositions to conform to some of these ideas about composition. I instinctively place the horizon lower or higher than the third point suggested by the rule of thirds and also have difficulty with the idea of multiple focal points. I have always been attracted to dark and fairly central focal points and elements of symmetry while looking for ‘lines’ in the composition which lead the eye around the picture.